Main Content

Prof. Dr. Ludger Wößmann

Key Contributions by Topics

I. What Determines Long-Run Prosperity?

A. Educational Achievement and Economic Growth

  1. Knowledge Capital, Growth, and the East Asian Miracle (with E.A. Hanushek). Science 351 (6271): 344-345, 2016
  2. The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development (with E.A. Hanushek). Journal of Economic Literature 46 (3): 607-668, 2008
  3. Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation (with E.A. Hanushek). Journal of Economic Growth 17 (4): 267-321, 2012
  4. Schooling, Educational Achievement, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle (with E.A. Hanushek). Journal of Development Economics 99 (2): 497-512, 2012
  5. Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States (with E.A. Hanushek and J. Ruhose). American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, forthcoming

B. Education and Individual Prosperity

  1. Returns to Skills around the World: Evidence from PIAAC (with E.A. Hanushek, G. Schwerdt, and S. Wiederhold). European Economic Review 73: 103-130, 2015
  2. General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle (with E.A. Hanushek and L. Zhang). Journal of Human Resources, forthcoming
  3. The Impact of an Adult Education Voucher Program: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment (with G. Schwerdt, D. Messer, and S.C. Wolter). Journal of Public Economics 96 (7-8): 569-583, 2012

C. Education and Historical Development 

  1. Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History (with S.O. Becker). Quarterly Journal of Economics 124 (2): 531-596, 2009
  2. Education and Catch-up in the Industrial Revolution (with S.O. Becker and E. Hornung). American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 3 (3): 92-126, 2011
  3. The Trade-off between Fertility and Education: Evidence from before the Demographic Transition (with S.O. Becker and F. Cinnirella). Journal of Economic Growth 15 (3): 177-204, 2010
  4. Education and Religious Participation: City-Level Evidence from Germany’s Secularization Period 1890-1930 (with S.O. Becker and M. Nagler). Journal of Economic Growth, forthcoming

D. Religion, Culture, and Historical Development 

  1. Not the Opium of the People: Income and Secularization in a Panel of Prussian Counties (with S.O. Becker). American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 103 (3): 539-544, 2013
  2. The Empire Is Dead, Long Live the Empire! Long-Run Persistence of Trust and Corruption in the Bureaucracy (with S.O. Becker, K. Boeckh and C. Hainz). Economic Journal 126 (590): 40-74, 2016
  3. Social Cohesion, Religious Beliefs, and the Effect of Protestantism on Suicide (with S.O. Becker). CESifo Working Paper 5288, 2015

E. The Internet and Societal Prosperity 

  1. Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth (with N. Czernich, O. Falck, and T. Kretschmer). Economic Journal 121 (552): 505-532, 2011
  2. Surfing Alone? The Internet and Social Capital: Evidence from an Unforeseeable Technological Mistake (with S. Bauernschuster and O. Falck). Journal of Public Economic 117: 73-89, 2014


II. What Determines Student Achievement?

A. Resources, Teachers, and Student Achievement

  1. Class-Size Effects in School Systems around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS (with M.R. West). European Economic Review 50 (3): 695-736, 2006
  2. The Decline of Schooling Productivity in OECD Countries (with E. Gundlach and J. Gmelin). Economic Journal 111 (471): C135-C147, 2001
  3. The Impact of Teacher Subject Knowledge on Student Achievement: Evidence from Within-Teacher Within-Student Variation (with J. Metzler). Journal of Development Economics 99 (2): 486-496, 2012
  4. Educational Production in Europe. Economic Policy 20 (43): 445-504, 2005
  5. Virtually No Effect? Different Uses of Classroom Computers and their Effect on Student Achievement (with O. Falck and C. Mang). CESifo Working Paper 5266, 2015

B. Institutions and Efficiency: External Exams, Autonomy, and Competition

  1. The Importance of School Systems: Evidence from International Differences in Student Achievement. Journal of Economic Perspectives 30 (3): 3-31, 2016
  2. ‘Every Catholic Child in a Catholic School’: Historical Resistance to State Schooling, Contemporary School Competition and Student Achievement across Countries (with M.R. West). Economic Journal 120 (546): F229-F255, 2010
  3. Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA (with E.A. Hanushek and S. Link). Journal of Development Economics 104: 212-232, 2013
  4. Schooling Resources, Educational Institutions, and Student Performance: The International Evidence. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 65 (2): 117-170, 2003
  5. Central School Exit Exams and Labor-Market Outcomes (with M. Piopiunik and G. Schwerdt). European Journal of Political Economy 31: 93-108, 2013
  6. The Information Value of Central School Exams (with G. Schwerdt). Economics of Education Review 56: 65-79, 2017

C. Institutions and Equity: Tracking and Early Childhood Education

  1. Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries (with E.A. Hanushek). Economic Journal 116 (510): C63-C76, 2006
  2. Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity (with G. Schütz and H.W. Ursprung). Kyklos 61 (2): 279-308, 2008

D. Public Opinion and the Political Economy of Education Policy

  1. How Information Affects Support for Education Spending: Evidence from Survey Experiments in Germany and the United States (with M.R. West, P. Lergetporer, and K. Werner). NBER Working Paper 22808, 2016
  2. Information and Preferences for Public Spending: Evidence from Representative Survey Experiments (with P. Lergetporer, G. Schwerdt, and K. Werner). CESifo Working Paper 5938, 2016


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