The Effects of Early Tracking on Student Performance: Evidence from a School Reform in Bavaria
In some countries students start different school careers when they are as young as ten years old, while in other countries tracking does not begin until students are 16 years old. However, the point at which tracking takes place is critical for the development of cognitive skills. In Ifo Working Paper No. 153 Marc Piopiunik looks at the impact of early tracking within the school system on student performance. His analysis is based on the school reform in Bavaria, which moved the timing of tracking in low- and middle-track schools from grade 6 to grade 4. The results show that school performance fell in both tracks as a result of the reform.