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Education and Innovation


Education is a key determinant for both individual success and economic development. Educational institutions, however, differ greatly from country to country. The DICE database provides data on institutional differences like early childhood education, educational expenditure, school resources, school autonomy, student-teacher ratios, etc. In addition to institutional differences, it also includes information on educational outcomes such as student performance (e.g. PISA), graduation rates, and labour market success (e.g., earnings, unemployment).


There is a general consensus that innovation is a major driver of long-term growth. Countries apply a wide variety of instruments to stimulate innovation, ranging from direct support measures like R&D subsidies or tax credits to investment in the basic infrastructure of education and knowledge generation. However, the relevance of these measures varies greatly between countries, as does public participation in the financing of innovation. DICE’s innovation field sheds light on these international differences, providing detailed information on innovation inputs (e.g., R&D expenditure, R&D personnel), innovative performance (e.g., patents, high-tech exports), and the innovation policies pursued by different countries.

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