The Determinants of Gender Gaps: Institutional Design and Historical Factors
Alessandra Casarico and Paola Profeta
Alison Booth, Research School of Economics, Australian National University, Canberra
Paola Giuliano, Anderson School of Management, University of California at Los Angeles
Date: 22 - 23 July 2013
While gender gaps in education and health have been decreasing remarkably over time and their differences across countries have been narrowing, gender gaps in the labour market and in politics are more persistent and still vary largely across countries. To identify appropriate explanations for these phenomena is a challenging task, as these differences are not fully explained by standard economic variables, such as per capita income, level of development, degree of specialization of the economy.
This workshop will investigate the determinants and evolution of gender gaps, by focusing on two promising prospects: the institutional design, which – if appropriately set – can allow different outcomes to reflect only differences in abilities rather than in gender, as shown for instance in experiments, and the analysis of historical factors, which help identifying the origins of gender gaps and gender culture. Both theoretical and empirical contributions will be considered. As the gender gap itself is a multidimensional, complex indicator, the workshop promotes the participation and interaction of researchers with different disciplinary background.
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