Main Content

1. Poverty and Income Distribution

There are two common indicators of the level of poverty and inequality in a society: the poverty rate and the Gini coefficient. The former is defined as the share of persons with a disposable income below a certain percentage of national median disposable income. The latter is a measure of inequality that lies between 0 and 1. A higher Gini coefficient indicates a higher level of inequality in a society.


  • At risk of poverty rate, by household type, 1995 - 2015
    Table | 26.04.2016 | Details | Download
  • At risk of poverty rate, by sex and age groups, 1995 - 2015
    Table | 26.04.2016 | Details | Download
  • Gini coefficient of inequality in the distribution of household disposable income, 1995 - 2015
    Table | 26.04.2016 | Details | Download | Visual Story
  • Income Inequality in OECD Countries
    Report | 01.11.2012 | Details | Download
  • Poverty rate: Proportion of persons below the "Poverty Line" before and after social transfers other than pensions, 1995 - 2015
    Table | 26.04.2016 | Details | Download | Visual Story
  • Risk of Poverty and Social Exclusion in the European Union
    Report | 16.01.2014 | Details | Download
  • Vulnerable Consumer Protection in the EU - Energy Supply
    Report | 14.04.2010 | Details | Download


Short URL: www.ifo.de/de/w/4XX4Kkoz2