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4. Knowledge Creation and Innovation Performance

The Innovation Union Scoreboard, published by the European Commission, categorises countries according to their innovation performance. Innovation leaders are defined as countries whose innovation performance is above the EU average, while innovation followers are countries with an innovation performance close to the EU average. The innovation performance of moderate innovators is defined as lying below the EU average, whereas that of modest innovators is defined as lying considerably below the EU average. There are several dimensions on which this categorisation is based; one example is the number of international patent applications, which differs significantly from country to country.


  • Comparison of the Patent Systems of the United States, Japan and Europe, around 2000
    Table | 01.12.2009 | Details | Download
  • Constraints for Small and Medium Enterprises’ Innovation Activities in a European Country Comparison
    Report | 30.01.2011 | Details | Download
  • European innovation scoreboard, 2007 - 2014
    Table | 23.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • High-technology patents, 1977 - 2012
    Table | 23.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Knowledge Economy Index, 1995 - 2012
    Table | 01.11.2013 | Details | Download
  • Measuring Innovation (CESifo DICE Report)
    Report | 18.10.2016 | Details | Download
  • Patent applications by national offices, 1980 - 2014
    Table | 23.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Patent grants and patents in force, 1980 - 2014
    Table | 23.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Percentage of households with internet access, 2002 - 2015
    Table | 30.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Share of enterprises having access to the internet, 2010 - 2015
    Table | 30.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Strategies for Socio-economic Transformation: Restructuring and Identifying New Frontiers
    Table | 01.11.2011 | Details | Download
  • Strategies of Innovation Leaders: Building on Current Advantages
    Table | 01.11.2011 | Details | Download


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