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1. Innovation Policies

Innovation is important for maintaining the competitiveness of an economy. A precondition for innovation is investment in research and development (R&D) activities. There are various types of incentives for R&D activities, which usually consist of some form of tax incentive. Another important element of innovation policies is cluster policies. Clusters can be defined as geographic concentrations of inter-connected firms and related players. The general purpose of cluster policies is to strengthen a particular regional economy.


  • Agencies for Cluster Policy Implementation
    Table | 01.09.2009 | Details | Download
  • Cluster development support policies and specialisation patterns, 2014
    Table | 14.01.2016 | Details | Download
  • Economic Crisis and Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy: National Policy Examples until 2012
    Table | 01.12.2013 | Details | Download
  • National plans for science, technology and innovation policy, 2015
    Table | 01.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • National Promotion Priorities for International Investment in Innovation, 2011
    Table | 01.09.2011 | Details | Download
  • Overview of Multi-level Governance of Science and Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy
    Table | 01.11.2011 | Details | Download
  • Performance of national science and innovation systems, 2014
    Table | 01.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Policies to Promote Eco-innovations, 2009
    Table | 01.02.2011 | Details | Download
  • Policy Measures to Promote Open Science, 2012
    Table | 01.12.2013 | Details | Download
  • R&D Subsidies: Large Firms and SMEs
    Report | 14.08.2009 | Details | Download
  • R&D tax incentive schemes, 2013/2014
    Table | 17.09.2015 | Details | Download
  • Science and Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy Co-ordination, Mechanisms: Ad hoc and Formal Consultation
    Table | 20.11.2011 | Details | Download
  • Selected National Programmes to Support Knowledge Transfer and Commercialisation of Public Research
    Table | 01.05.2014 | Details | Download
  • Summary of available R&D incentives, 2014
    Table | 01.03.2016 | Details | Download
  • Tax and Equity Policy Instruments to Support the Market for Early Stage Financing, 2012
    Table | 01.12.2013 | Details | Download
  • Tax subsidy rate for R&D outlays, 2013 and 2015
    Table | 25.02.2016 | Details | Download
  • The Regional Dimension in National Innovation Strategies, 2011
    Table | 01.11.2011 | Details | Download


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