1. Enterprise Environment
Company operations are influenced on a daily basis by institutional arrangements. Such arrangements can, in turn, sometimes impose significant costs on firms. The DICE field Business Environment provides details of various institutional arrangements including regulation of conduct, entry and exit, identity and accounting information, performance and institutions particularly relevant for small- and medium-size enterprises.
- Conduct Regulations 13
- Consumer Protection and Insolvency Legislation 10
- Corporate Governance 9
- Entry Regulations 16
- Exit Regulations 9
- Identity and Accounting Information 10
- Performance 13
- Small & Medium Enterprises 9
2. Competition Policy
Firms may try to gain market power to extract rents. Policy-makers seek to avoid this by implementing antitrust measures to prevent dominance and merger control. However, governments sometimes need to borrow money from banks themselves and establish rules for procurement. The DICE database covers information about all these aspects of competition policy.
3. Product Markets
Barriers to trade and entrepreneurship continue to exist in different countries, although there is a general consensus that they are detrimental. Interference in product markets by governments affects prices and may lead to inefficient resource allocation. The DICE Database provides information about regulations that countries have put in place for different product markets.
4. Structural Policy
In times of globalisation and technological change structural policy is a crucial part of each country’s economic policy. It is one of the factors that determines the social compatibility of structural changes and is supposed to prevent structural crises on industrial and regional levels. The DICE Database provides cross-country comparisons of industrial policy schemes and indicators of sectoral structures. Furthermore, DICE offers an overview of regional policy measures taken by governments in different countries.